El Nino has contributed to higher Carbon Dioxide levels

Ying Sun

OCO-2 has recorded atmospheric carbon dioxide increase in 2015 and 2016, 50 percent larger than the average increase seen in recent years preceding these observations.

"These three tropical regions released 2.5 gigatons more carbon into the atmosphere than they did in 2011", lead study author Junjie Liu of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory said in a news release.

The OCO-2 satellite, launched in 2014, is created to provide a detailed picture of how carbon is exchanged between air, land and sea. In South America and Asia this has led to the driest over the past 30 years of weather that was the cause of a large number of forest fires. This change will make droughts more severe in tropical forests, which could cause even bigger spikes in Carbon dioxide levels in the near future.

That 3 billion tons of carbon, while significant, is still dwarfed by the 10 billion tons a year that comes from the burning of coal, oil and gas, said Scott Denning, a Colorado State University atmospheric scientist.

The deputy project scientist of OCO-2 Annmarie Eldering believes that half of the carbon dioxide goes into the atmosphere, and half of it stays in oceans or is used by plants during photosynthesis.

As the world warms, the tropics could add to carbon to the atmosphere in the future instead of taking it out of the air and wildfire emissions are likely to get more severe, Overpeck said. This made the scientists conclude that El Nino might have driven the carbon emissions owing to less rainfall in South America and hot temperatures in Africa. The study is one of several research papers in Science reporting results from the OCO-2 mission. These measurements help scientists produce models of plant decomposition rates across the globe. He added that OCO-2 data allowed them to quantify how the net exchange of carbon between land and atmosphere in individual regions is affected during El Nino years.

The last El Niño affected the amount of Carbon dioxide that Earth's tropical regions released into the atmosphere, and in each of the three tropical regions observed, the results were slightly different. For example, in tropical Indonesia a forest was burned down, which caused carbon to be released and ultimately left less plants to pull the carbon back down.

Related News:

  • US Navy says deadly McCain collision was preventable, relieves ship commander

    The military vessel is named US Navy admirals John McCain Sr and John McCain Jr, the father of Republican US senator John McCain . In the aftermath of the collision, Vice Adm Joseph P Aucoin was dismissed as commander of the Seventh Fleet.

    Demetrious Johnson Says Larger Paychecks Will Motivate Him to Move up

    Opponent Kevin Lee keeps his mind sharp with a fight night simulation with his coach. Dunham isn't the only one spending fight week thinking about the tragedy.
    VX found on both accused's clothes

    VX found on both accused's clothes

    The trial is being closely watched by the Indonesian and Vietnamese governments, which hired the defence lawyers for both women. He said VX is oily and hard to detect because it is colorless and odourless, and can be easily transported in a water bottle.
  • Chelsea management read riot act to Charly Musonda

    Chelsea management read riot act to Charly Musonda

    According to The Mirror , Chelsea have responded to the youngster who joined the club from Anderlecht all the way back in 2012. Musonda impressed on his full debut against Nottingham Forest last month, scoring a goal in the 5-1 Carabao Cup win.
    Wildfires tear through California wine country; 20000 evacuated

    Wildfires tear through California wine country; 20000 evacuated

    The Sonoma County Fairgrounds is open for people with large animals; access the fairgrounds via Gate 7 on Aston Avenue. Smoke from the conflagrations could be sensed as far as San Francisco, Oakland and San Jose.
    Bangladesh backs India's stand on Rohingya issue: Foreign minister Haque

    Bangladesh backs India's stand on Rohingya issue: Foreign minister Haque

    Up until now they've been living in a range of different refugee camps across southern Bangladesh. The UN welcomed the trip but reiterated the need for greater humanitarian access.
  • Storm Warning for Clare As Tail End of Hurricane Ophelia Approaches

    Storm Warning for Clare As Tail End of Hurricane Ophelia Approaches

    On Thursday afternoon, Ophelia's core was located about 715 miles southwest of the Azores , where it was virtually stationary. An east-northeast motion is forecast to continue after that with a substantial increase in forward speed by this weekend.
    Donald Trump Says NFL Should Have Suspended Colin Kaepernick for Not Standing

    Donald Trump Says NFL Should Have Suspended Colin Kaepernick for Not Standing

    I don't want a misguided political attitude from athletes in the National Football League , or in any other sport. However, there is nothing in the NFL guidelines that prohibits protesting during the national anthem.
    Police complaint filed against Salman Khan for threatening Zubair Khan

    Police complaint filed against Salman Khan for threatening Zubair Khan

    Zubair said that he will drag Salman to court for insulting him on national television and causing mental torture. Shreyas Talpade tells Puneesh that he needs to fight his own fights and that he shouldn't follow others around.
  • White House welcomes efforts to study gun 'bump stock' devices

    Republicans and Democrats alike are expressing support for some gun control , at least when it comes to bump stocks. Officials say that's what the Las Vegas shooter used to fire hundreds of rounds into a crowd of 22,000 people.
    BloodSource Calls For Donors In Wake Of Las Vegas Shooting

    BloodSource Calls For Donors In Wake Of Las Vegas Shooting

    One in seven people entering the hospital needs blood, every three seconds someone in this country relies on blood. Late Sunday night the Inland Northwest Blood Center sent 55 units of blood to their sister center in Las Vegas.
    Facebook Comes Clean About Russian Ads

    Facebook Comes Clean About Russian Ads

    Since its disclosure, Facebook has faced questions and calls for increased US regulation from USA authorities. According to Schrage, the company is still looking for "abuse and bad actors" on its platform.


Most liked

Insanely Easy and Clever Stock: Domino's Pizza, Inc. (NYSE:DPZ)
Still, the company continues to generate strong sales growth that is prompting operators to build more locations. Narrowing in, the stock is at a distance of -12.18% from the 50 day high and -3.66% off of the 50 day low.

Wenger on injuries, Sanchez, Chambers, Overmars, Merson
Guardiola managed Sanchez at Barcelona and failed with his attempt to lure the Chilean to City this summer. "I have concerns. It's expected Sanchez will leave Arsenal at the end of the season, which will lead to a scramble to sign the forward.

Doctor responds to argument in viral video
Stipe received her refund, she refused to leave the office, and continued her abusive behavior towards staff". Then, Stipe's daughter, recording the exchange, can be heard saying "Okay, you can get out of her face".

Overwatch Halloween Terror 2017 Skins Leak; Event Launches Today
Things are getting real spooky in Overwatch , as today dawns the beginning of the second annual Overwatch Halloween Terror event . In this mode, you can play as Ana, Genji, Hanzo, McCree, Soldier: 76, Torbjorn, Widowmaker, or Zenyatta in a team of four.

Las Vegas Gunman Shot Security Guard Before Main Attack
Police first knew about Campos when they arrived on the 32 floor at 10:17 p.m. and met him in the corridor. The sound echoed in his window, he said. "I sleep during the day", he said.

Man files lawsuit against Chicago Cubs after foul ball injury
The Chicago Sun-Times report said Loos has undergone three surgeries, has two more coming up and may eventually need a prosthetic to replace his eye.

Jacksonville Jaguars upset Pittsburgh Steelers 31-9
Big Ben and Brown know they need each other, as they will go down as the best pass-and-catch combination in Steelers history. Allen Hurns and Marqise Lee are decent possession receivers, but aren't true deep threats.

Early Vettel retirement paves way for easy Hamilton victory at Japan GP
Verstappen closed right up on Hamilton in the final laps at Suzuka and asked Red Bull if he had the go-ahead to give it his all. By the fourth lap Vettel had slipped to sixth, forcing the Ferrari pit wall to cede to the inevitable and retire the auto .

Joe Girardi: "I screwed up" by not challenging HBP call
All-Star left fielder Michael Brantley replaced him at DH on Friday and is expected to fill the role in Encarnacion's absence. "I screwed up", the skipper told the media as the Yankees returned home in a 2-0 ALDS hole to the Indians .

Amazon Steps Into Delivery with Seller Flex, Acquires 3-D Model Business
Word of Amazon making a move into home delivery of third-party goods sent UPS shares down 1.3 percent in early Thursday trading. Sellers who are approved must purchase shipping for all Prime items through Amazon's Buy Shipping Services.

Las Vegas shooting: Paddock's girlfriend denies knowledge of attack
In fact, they said the only reason she was in the Philippines was because Paddock told her he had found a cheap ticket. Ms Danley's sister, who lives in Queensland, described her as a good person and knew nothing about Paddock's plot.

Making A Murderer's Steven Avery denied request for new trial
An attorney for Steven Avery said she intends to file an amended appeal after a judge denied his request for a new trial. His lawyer Kathleen Zellner told EW in a statement that they will be filing a motion to vacate Sutkiewicz's ruling.

GM to go all-electric by 2023
GM declined to provide specific details about the next-generation propulsion system or which vehicles will become electrified. Reuss said GM is pursuing a two-prong strategy in developing both battery and fuel cell powered electric vehicles .

West TN man's son reportedly injured in Las Vegas mass shooting
His aunt, Kilee Wells Sanders, confirmed his death in a Facebook post: "He was the most kind and loving soul". His contagious laugh and smile.He was truly an unbelievable person.

Google, Facebook, & YouTube Promote Hoaxes On Las Vegas Mass Shooter
Facebook is expected to share with Congress more than 3,000 examples of ads Russia-linked accounts bought on the platform from 2015 to 2017.